“Desire”: before you start the process
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry wrote “If you want to build a ship, don’t summon people to buy wood, prepare tools, distribute jobs, and organise the work, rather teach people to yearn for the wide, boundless ocean”. So if you want your church to engage effectively in discipleship, mission and growing leaders, don’t get a group together immediately to start work on each M/VAP phase in turn, rather teach people to yearn to respond to Jesus Christ’s teachings about mission. We recommend all parishes to wait until at least two thirds of the church council really understand the five ‘Marks of Mission’ and really want to engage. We hear many stories of where a church group has produced a M/VAP but then has neglected the Act stage to the point where nothing changes. We even know of one church that framed the M/VAP document – to look at and admire; but no effective actions were taken.
1. “Review”: Knowing your situation and opportunities before God
In the Review phase of the MAP process, a church aims to discern God’s mission plan for the communities served by prayerfully looking at and understanding the situation that a church finds itself in – the location, the people, the activities that the church is engaged in and what activities could be started.
The first task is to try to see the church’s current situation as God would see it: listing those things that are good and working well; and those things which are not so good. To do this it is useful to devise ways to listen in three directions:-
1. listening up - to God,
2. listening in – to church members and
3. listening out – to the local communities and networks that the church serves.
The second task is to do a Health Check. Most churches write down a summary of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats – known as a SWOT summary. Sometimes, churches use additional methods to assess their health – for example the method described in the “Healthy Church survey“ – part of the Vision 2026 Study Course – available here.
The third task is to reflect on what is the values of the church:
* Why does this church exist?
* What particular purposes does it serve?
* How does it relate to the community?
* What does it believe in?
These values are summarised in a “Purpose statement” – which captures a sense of these. (In the past, this has been called a “Mission Statement”)
This statement should be limited to one sentence. For example, “Christ Church is here to share the love of Jesus Christ with all ages in this community”
2. “Discern”: your future calling and priorities
Whilst the Review phase is concerned with the present time, the Discern phase is all about the future. People may have many ideas about what the church could be doing, but resources are finite and choices have to be made.
The first step, which is also the most important, is to describe the vision of what the church is being called to become five years from now. You want this to be God’s vision for your church, so prayer and listening are essential. You also want this to be an attainable vision – not an impossible dream. A good vision statement should be limited to one sentence, and shared and taken on board by all the people. It should inspire everyone to work together towards the future.
Example vision statement: “St Anne’s will become a church community where all members are growing in faith and using their special gifts to spread Jesus’ saving love.”
The second step in this phase is to work out the priorities to achieve the vision. This is best done in two stages – first consider the long term (five year) priorities, and then break this down into the priorities for the next year. In this way, you will be able to review progress every year, and to identify the next priorities. It may be tempting to take on too much, so be cautious. It is a good idea to restrict the number of discrete strategic priorities to three for an average church, and less where resources are limited. This is also a good time to consider what activities could be stopped or trimmed – especially if these are not central to the church vision.
The third step is to write a goal statement for each of the next-year priorities, which defines specifically ‘what’ has to be achieved by ‘when’, and how you will monitor progress.
3. “Plan”: what, who and when
During the planning phase, each priority can be taken in turn and fleshed out into the main actions that are necessary to reach the goal.
The first step is to identify the key actions for each goal (this is called deployment). For example, if a key goal is to work more on Discipleship, a key action might be “To introduce the Pilgrim course within the next twelve months”.
The second step is to define the “What”, “Who” and “When” for each action. For the above Pilgrim example this list could be:-
What, Who, When
Raise funding and purchase materials AB by end June
Identify and train group leaders Minister by end Sept
Publicise the course HJ from May
Start groups Leaders in October
The third step is to produce the MAP summary report and communicate it widely. It should contain the main details of each of the work done in the three MAP process phases, but it should also be fairly brief and easy to read - two sides of A4 is ideal. A template is available here. The report should be widely communicated, with copies made available for all church members and key members of the local community.
4. “Act”: on the plans
This is where the practical work gets done. Often, the owner of each action invites others to form a team – to share the work and support each other. It is vital that there are regular reviews of progress – perhaps at PCC meetings – to ensure that the people involved are supported and encouraged in their work. It may be found necessary to re-visit the plans in the light of work done so far. For completed actions, give thanks and celebrate!
Keep going with M/VAP
The arrows on the M/VAP chart indicate that the M/VAP process is not linear – it is cyclical and embedded in the process is a learning cycle. We recommend a three year cycle, but we believe that a church should be allowed to choose it’s own period. On the second and subsequent cycles, the Review phase will include a review of what has been learned about the Vision work and the M/VAP process itself - what has worked well and not so well, so that skills, learning points and experience can be acknowledged. During these repeat cycles, the health check is updated and the PCC reviews it’s Purpose and Vision statements. Usually and crucially, the mission priorities will be updated to reflect the current opportunities and position.
The M/VAP process is described in more detail in 'How to do Mission Action Planning' by Mark Ireland and Mike Chew (SPCK 2016 ISBN 978-0281075645) – which contains many examples (some of which are taken from Diocese of Blackburn parishes) and tips.
Please use the links below to access more information about M/VAP:
Template for Parishes to record the outcome of the Mission/Vision action planning process
The evidence shows that MAP DOES make a difference